Influence of Environment and Measurement Conditions on Blood Pressure During Self-Measurement Blood Pressure

Authors

  • Kouame Brou Appolinaire
  • Yeo Teniloh Augustin
  • Kondo John Liliane
  • Kouassi BM
  • One Jl
  • Yao Hermann
  • N’choh-Mottoh MP
  • Koffi Florent
  • Tanoh Micesse
  • N’goran Yves
  • Siransy-Balayssac AE
  • Ouattara S
  • Dah CS

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v11i2.3411

Keywords:

blood pressure, blood pressure measurement environment and conditions, blood pressure self measurement.

Abstract

Background: Effective blood pressure (BP) monitoring outside medical office requires that each patient have
validated sphygmomanometer. Due to their relatively high expense, these sphygmomanometers remain little
or not accessible in our working context. When self-monitoring of blood pressure (SMBP) is prescribed in the
office, most patients go to private pharmacies where BP measurements are influenced by environment and
measurement conditions.
Aim: To determine influence of environment and measurement conditions on BP during SMBP in healthy
sedentary people in order to describe reality of practice of this method in our working context.
Method: Prospective experimental transversal study including 174 volunteers (47 women), aged 18 to 25
years. Systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were measured by home SMBP according to
international guidelines and by private “pharmacies SMBP”. Information on environment and conditions of BP
measurement was collected on form by each subject. Means and standard deviations of SBP, DBP, and HR were
calculated and compared from the measurements obtained.
Results : The mean age of study population was 21.1±2 years (Table 1). Only 9.7% of pharmacy measurements
were taken in quiet environment (Figure 1). In study population, SBP, DBP, and HR measured by home
SMBP were significantly (p=0.00) higher than those measured by “pharmacies SMBP” (Table 2). However, no
significant difference (p>0.5) was found between measurements obtained by home SMBP and those obtained by
“ pharmacies SMBP “ in quiet environment (Table 3). All of the equipment used in pharmacies were validated
electronic sphygmomanometers (Figure 2).
Conclusion: The environment significantly influenced measurements performed in pharmacies. Compared to
home SMBP, “private pharmacies SMBP” in our working context does not follow international guidelines and is
therefore influenced by environment and measurement conditions.

Author Biographies

  • Kouame Brou Appolinaire

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Yeo Teniloh Augustin

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Kondo John Liliane

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Kouassi BM

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • One Jl

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Yao Hermann

    Abidjan Institute of Cardiology. BP V 206 Abidjan

  • N’choh-Mottoh MP

    Abidjan Institute of Cardiology. BP V 206 Abidjan

  • Koffi Florent

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Tanoh Micesse

    Abidjan Institute of Cardiology. BP V 206 Abidjan.

  • N’goran Yves

    Abidjan Institute of Cardiology. BP V 206 Abidjan.

  • Siransy-Balayssac AE

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Ouattara S

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01

  • Dah CS

    Physiology and Functional Explorations Laboratory, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University. 01
    BP V 34 Abidjan 01,

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Published

2023-07-26

How to Cite

Influence of Environment and Measurement Conditions on Blood Pressure During Self-Measurement Blood Pressure. (2023). International Journal of Physiology, 11(2), 26-32. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v11i2.3411