Status of Complications among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending at Tertiary Health Care Centre, Karimnagar
Keywords:Gender, Type 2 diabetes, Diabetic neuropathy, Diabetic retinopathy, Diabetic nephropathy.
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic manageable illness and it resulted due to absence
or insufficient insulin production. As the disease is in chronic condition, patients tend to neglect their
health due to cost of the medicine, secondly adherence to medication and taking care about other
parts like foot and peripheries. Finally it affects directly or indirectly affect the quality of life due to
development of long term complications. Aim of the study is to find the demographic factors and risk
factors associated with long term complications of the Diabetes. Methodology: A cross sectional study
was conducted among the outpatient attendees at Chalamada Ananda Rao Institute of Medical sciences
during the period from October 2020 to March 2021 among the 233 patients. Data entered in Micro
soft Excel and appropriate statistical tests like simple proportions and chi square test were applied.
Results: In the present study, about 51% were in the age group of 51-60 years and males were 48%.
In the current study, smoking and alcohol consumption were significantly associated with long term
complications of neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy (P<0.001). Conclusions: Based on the study
results, risk factors like smoking and alcohol consumption to be reduced as far possible. In addition to
our regular care special counselling sessions to be planned with trained health educators. Need lifestyle
modifications adaptation among diabetic and even non diabetic people we can suggest as a primordial
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