A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structure Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Reproductive Health among Adolescent Girls in A Selected School Bengaluru
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude, Reproductive health, Adolescent girls, Anemia, Gynecological diseases
IndiaAbstractBackground And Purpose: Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to adulthood. It is a decisive age for girls. They often lack knowledge regarding reproductive health and are vulnerable to sexual assault and exploitation. This creates various problems like menstrual problems, STD, unwanted pregnancy unsafe abortions etc. Especially in India the special needs of adolescent girls are rarely addressed. The present study is aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding reproductive health among adolescent’s girls in a selected school, Bengaluru.Methods: Quasi- Experimental Research Design was adopted for the present study. The self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data related to demographic variables and knowledge questionnaire whereas 5-point rating scale was used to assess the attitude of the adolescent girls regarding reproductive health. 60 adolescent girls were selected by simple random sampling technique. The main study was conducted from 18/02/2016 to 26/02/2016 at Royal Concorde International School, Bengaluru and the data collected was analyzed and interpreted based on descriptive and inferential statistics.Result: The present study showed that the pre-test mean knowledge score obtained by the students was 11.23 and the pre-test mean attitude score was 41.50. After administering structured teaching programme regarding reproductive health, post-test mean knowledge score increased to 23.07 and posttest mean attitude score increased to83.25. The obtained t value (30.20) was found to be highly significant at 0.001 levels. The correlation (r = 0.132) between pretest knowledge and attitude was found to be highly significant (p=0.00) at 0.001 level whereas posttest correlation (r=0.412, p=0.00) was significant at 0.001 level. Thus, it was evident that the developed structured teaching programme was effective in increasing the knowledge and modification of attitude of adolescent girls regarding reproductive healthDiscussion:The overall findings of the study clearly showed that the Structured Teaching Programme was significantly effective in improving the knowledge and modification of attitude regarding reproductive health of adolescent girls.